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2023 August 28
Jonah 3

The King of Nineveh in Sackcloth and Ashes
Image Source: The Work of God's Children

Today's image depicts the repentance of the King of Nineveh, a key part of Nineveh's repentance, as recorded in today's chapter.

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     Explanation: In Jonah 2 Jonah confesses his sin while he is in the belly of the great fish and pledges obedience to the LORD [compare Psalms 130:1-2; Psalms 18:6; Psalms 31:22; Psalms 42:7; Lamentations 3:53-56]. And after 3 days the LORD causes the fish to vomit Jonah onto the dry land [compare Hosea 6:1-3; Matthew 12:40]. Guzik's Commentary says, "It is commonly thought that Jonah was vomited out on the shores of Nineveh - but we are not told that this was the case, especially because Nineveh is about 375 miles [inland] from the Mediterranean Sea." Ironically, Jonah tried to flee from the presence of the LORD; but when he realized that the LORD had cast him out of his sight (v. 4), he then turned toward the LORD. Also, it is significant that he was swallowed by a great fish since the name "Nineveh" means "house or place of fish."

     Sermons: Sinclair B Ferguson. Dr Michael Milton 1. Dr Michael Milton 2. William Still.



               For extensive lists of Cross references See the following sites:

                    Treasury of Scripture Knowledge - Bible Hub (all Cross References are written out in full)
                    Open Bible Cross References - Open Bible (all Cross References are written out in full)

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]

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Jonah Structural Outline

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Jonah 3

3. Jonah's Success by God's Grace (Jonah 3:1 - Jonah 3:10) - 785 B.C. Israel

     1 And the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the second time, saying, 2 Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it [this] the preaching that I bid [I, I bid or I myself bid] thee. 3 So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. 4 And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown. 5 So the people [men] of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them even to the least of them.
     6 For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. 7 And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing [a speck]: let them not feed, nor drink water: 8 But let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: yea, let them turn every one [a man] from his evil way, and from the violence that is in their hands. 9 Who can tell [know] if God will turn and repent [pity], and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?
     10 And God saw their works, that they turned from their evil way; and God repented [pitied] of the evil, that he had said that he would do unto them; and he did it not.

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