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2019 May 22
Daniel 10



Michael the Archangel (1456)
Jaume Huguet (1415-1492)
Gothic Style
Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain
Image Source: Wikipedia


     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts Michael whose importance in spiritual struggles is noted in this chapter. ]



SPECIAL NOTE:

[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]



     Explanation: Daniel 10 introduces the revelations in the next two chapters by telling of a spiritual breakthrough which came after a 21 day struggle.
     For Daniel, the breakthrough (a revelation) came after three weeks of prayer, confession, and fasting. For the spiritual being who brought the revelation - - a shining "man clothed in linen," the breakthrough came when he was finally able to come to Daniel and deliver a message from God. This being was hindered from coming to Daniel for the whole 21 days by the "prince of the kingdom of Persia." He was able to get through to Daniel only when Michael, "one of the chief princes," came and helped him. The man clothed in linen enabled Daniel to regain the strength he had lost by his fast; and he told Daniel that after he delivered his message he and Michael would go again to fight the prince of Persia who would be joined by the prince of Greece.
     This chapter is no mere introduction to the next two chapters; it is a revelation in itself - - a revelation of the interplay between prayer (and it's companions - confession and fasting) and the operations of heaven. Also it is a revelation of how things work in the spiritual realm between the angelic and the satanic forces. Although these matters are not fully explained, it is clear that they intertwine and affect one another in powerful ways. From the human standpoint, is abundantly and deeply clear from this example that when we follow the precepts which urge and command intense, pure, and prolonged prayer we engage with spiritual realities which are deeply woven into the fabric of reality. This is a key means which God has ordained to use in the accomplishment of his will - - a thing as necessary to spiritual health as eating is to physical health.

Narrator's Introduction (1):
     In the third year of Cyrus the Persian, Daniel received a revelation concerning the distant future (1).

Daniel's Introduction (2-18):
     He mourned and fasted for three full weeks (2-3).
     While he was at the river Hiddekel (the Tigris), he saw a shining man who spoke with a strong voice (4-6).
     Those who were with Daniel fled, even though they could not see the vision (7).
     When Daniel heard the man's voice, he collapsed on his face in a deep sleep (8-9).
     The man touched him and set him on his hands and knees (10).
     The man assured Daniel that he was beloved, and Daniel stood trembling (11).
     The man told Daniel that he had been heard on the first day, but the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood him until Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help him. And now he was about to reveal what would befall Daniel's people in the latter days (12-14).
     Daniel again put his face to the ground, and became dumb (15).
     The man touched him a second time and opened his lips, whereupon Daniel spoke to him of how weak he was. In response, he touched Daniel a third time and strengthened him (16-18).

The Angel's Introduction (19-21):
     The man assured Daniel that he was greatly beloved, told him to fear not, pronounced peace upon him, and told him to be strong. This strengthened Daniel, and he told the man to speak (19).
     The man said that he would return to fight with the prince of Persia and the prince of Greece, but he would show Daniel what was noted in the scripture of truth. And no one held with him but Michael, Daniel (and Israel's) prince (20-21).

Alternate Chapter Outline: Chapter 10 does not have a chiastic * structure. However, various authors see a chiastic structure in the book of Daniel taken as a whole. Below, I have presented the book outline by David A. Dorsey, slightly modified, from his book The Literary Structure of the Old Testament (p. 260).
      * A chiastic structure is a literary form of parallelism in which a succession of ideas leads up to an emphatic central point then repeats in reverse order.

Hebrew Introduction: Daniel and his three friends in king's training (1).
Aramaic Section (2-7).
  a.  Vision of the four kingdoms in a human image (2).
       b.  Martyr Story: God saves Daniel's three friends in the fiery furnace (3).
            c.  Nebuchadnezzar's pride and Yahweh's sovereignty (4).
            c.  Belshazzar's pride and Yahweh's sovereignty (5).
       b'. Martyr Story: God saves Daniel in the lion's den (6).
  a'.  Vision of the four kingdoms in images of beasts (7).
Hebrew Section (8-12).
  a. Vision of two kingdoms: Persia and Greece; metaphor of beasts (8).
       b.  Vision of the seventy "sevens" (9).
  a'. Vision of two kingdoms: Persia and Greece; metaphor of a man  (10-12).


     [ Sermons: Sinclair Ferguson. William Still. Various. ]




Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]




RESOURCES

PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.


          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Daniel 10: Daniel 7. Daniel 8. Daniel 9. Daniel 10. Daniel 11. Daniel 12. ]
[1] Daniel 1:21; Daniel 6:28; 2 Chronicles 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-2, 7-8; Ezra 3:7; Ezra 4:3-5; Ezra 5:13-17; Ezra 6:3, 14; Isaiah 45:1; Daniel 8:26; Daniel 11:2; Daniel 12:4, 9.
[2] Ezra 9:4-5; Psalm 137:1-5; Isaiah 66:10; Jeremiah 9:1; Romans 9:2-3.
[3] 1 Corinthians 9:27.
[4] Genesis 2:14; Daniel 8:2; Ezekiel 1:3.
[5] Revelation 1:13-15; Revelation 15:6-7; Daniel 12:6-7; Ezekiel 9:2; Jeremiah 10:9.
[6] Revelation 1:13-17; Revelation 19:12; Exodus 28:20; Ezekiel 1:16; Ezekiel 1:24; Ezekiel 10:9; Revelation 21:20; Ezekiel 1:14; Matthew 17:2; Luke 9:29; Revelation 10:3-4.
[7] Acts 9:7; Acts 22:9; Hebrews 12:21; Isaiah 2:10.
[8] Daniel 7:28; Habakkuk 3:16; Matthew 17:6; Mark 9:6; Revelation 1:17.
[9] Daniel 8:18; Genesis 15:12; Job 4:13; Luke 9:32.
[10] Daniel 9:21.
[11] Daniel 9:22-23; Daniel 8:16-17.
[12] Isaiah 41:10-14; Luke 2:10; Daniel 9:3-4; Daniel 9:20-23.
[13] Ephesians 6:12; Zechariah 3:1-2; 1 Thessalonians 2:18; Daniel 12:1; Jude 1:9; Revelation 12:7; Colossians 2:10; 1 Peter 3:22.
[14] Daniel 2:28; Daniel 8:26; Habakkuk 2:3.
[15] Daniel 8:18.
[16] Daniel 8:15; Daniel 9:21; Revelation 1:13; Isaiah 6:7; Jeremiah 1:9.
[17] Judges 6:22; Isaiah 6:1-5; John 1:18.
[18] Daniel 8:18; Philippians 4:13.
[19] Daniel 9:23; Revelation 1:17; Ephesians 6:10.
[20] Daniel 11:2-4; Daniel 8:5-8, 21.
[21] Daniel 8:26; Isaiah 41:22-23; Daniel 9:25; Daniel 12:1; Jude 1:9; Revelation 12:7.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]


          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. LAMENTATIONS: Lamentations Dramatized. EZEKIEL: Ezekiel Dramatized. DANIEL: Daniel Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]



HARMONY OF THE LAW


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB




GOSPEL HARMONIES

Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)



HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible


Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear


Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible





Daniel Detailed Outline



Daniel 10


Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.


2. Spiritual Struggle in the Heavenlies (7:1 - 12:13)


D. The Struggle Among Earthly Rulers and Against God's People - Resolved by the Final Judgment (10:1 - 12:1-13)


1). The Struggle by Daniel for Spiritual Understanding - Resolved by a Revelation from an Angelic Messenger (10:1-21)



     1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood [this] the thing, and had understanding of the vision.

     2 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks [sevens of days]. 3 I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all [anointing not I anointed], till three whole weeks [sevens of days] were fulfilled. 4 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel; 5 Then I lifted up [this] mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz: 6 His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. 7 And I Daniel alone saw [this] the vision: for the men that were with me saw not [this] the vision; but a great quaking fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves. 8 Therefore I was left alone, and saw [this] -- this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength. 9 Yet heard I [this] the voice of his words: and when I heard [this] the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground.
     10 And, behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands. 11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken [this] this word unto me, I stood trembling. 12 Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set [this] thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words. 13 But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me [stood in front of me] one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia. 14 Now I am come to make thee understand [this] what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days.
     15 And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face toward the ground, and I became dumb. 16 And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength. 17 For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.
     18 Then there came again and touched me one like the appearance of a man, and he strengthened me,

     19 And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace be unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me. 20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come. 21 But I will shew thee [this] that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none [not one] that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.





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