Daily Arts Web Nucleus
Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2019 May 8
Image 1: Saint Augustine Sacrificing to a Manichaean Idol (c. 1480)
Unknown Flemish Master (fl. late 15th century)
Mauritshuis, The Hague, Netherlands
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
Image 2: The Temple Complex in Ezekiel (2004)
M. J. Beattie (copyright 2004)
Image Credit: Bible UCG
[ Illustration: Today's First Image depicts idolatrous worship, the thing for which God reproved Israel in today's chapter (and in the rest of Scripture). The Second Image is a depiction of Ezekiel's Temple, showing the gates and other features. In today's chapter, much activity takes place in and around the various Temple gates.]
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: In Ezekiel 44, God was residing in the Temple and his glory filled it. He took Ezekiel to the East Gate and gave him a series of instructions about who could enter the Temple and how they should conduct themselves within it.
Duties of the Prince (1-5). The LORD commanded Ezekiel that East Gate was to be shut to everyone except the Prince. And he told Ezekiel to look carefully at the entrances and the exits of the Temple and to listen to all of the laws it.
This exhortation is necessary because several matters in this and other descriptions of the Temple in other chapters are unclear. One unclear but very important matter is the identity of the Prince. He is mentioned prominently from chapter 44 to the end of the book (Ezekiel 44:3; 45:7, 16-17, 22-25; 46:2-18; 48:21-22). For various discussions of the Prince, I refer the reader to the commentaries.
However, I will make some comments, some of which I have not seen elsewhere.
First, in Ezekiel 44:3 note the emphatic nature of the statements regarding the Prince. The verse begins with the word "eth" which is a marker for the direct object. This word is usually ignored, but it can be translated "this," making the opening phrase, "This, the Prince." The phrase draws the reader's attention sharply to this person. The first part of the verse literally reads, "This, the Prince, a prince he-he shall sit in it to eat bread before Yahweh ..." and he shall go in and out by the porch of the gate.
The East Gate is shut to all but the LORD and this Prince. So here is a triple emphasis on this person, first by the sign of the direct object, then by the double pronoun which is equivalent to "he himself," and then by being granted a privilege which no one else in the nation can claim -- exclusive use of the gate that is otherwise open only to the LORD together with the privilege of eating bread before the LORD. It is no wonder that many Jewish commentators considered this person to be the Messiah.
However, other commentators have other ideas. Some think the Prince is David resurrected and exalted to be the LORD's vice-regent (Ezekiel 34:23-24; Ezekiel 37:24). Others think he is a prince who will be appointed in God's Millennial Kingdom.
I will offer one additional comment on this matter; then the reader may turn to the Scriptures and to the commentaries. A key objection to the Prince being the Messiah, Jesus Christ, is that Ezekiel 45:22 says that he will provide a sin offering not just for the people, but for himself as well. It is true that Jesus Christ was sinless. This is affirmed by many Scriptures, such as Hebrews 7:26 and 2 Corinthians 5:21. But, when he made atonement for us, the Scripture says that "For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God." (2 Corinthians 5:21). Therefore, when he shed his blood, he washed away the sin which God laid upon him, cleansing himself from the defilement of our sin, and cleansing us from our defilement. So, it is in this sense that, if the Prince refers to Jesus Christ, the Messiah, it can be said that he provided a sin offering both for himself and for the people.
Duties of the Levites (6-14). In this section of the chapter, the LORD rebukes Israel for polluting Solomon's Temple with idolatry and for bringing uncircumcised strangers into the Temple to perform the sacred duties which God had assigned only to the Levites.
Duties of the Priests (15-31). Only the sons of Zadok were faithful to their duties. Therefore, only they will be allowed to continue those duties of offering fat and blood. The LORD then prescribed various laws for the priests to ensure their cleanliness. They were to be judges for the Israelites. The LORD also described their privileges and closed with an exhortation to avoid eating anything that dies of itself or is torn by wild animals.
[ Sermons: Derek Thomas. Various. ]
Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation
[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]
[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Ezekiel 44: Ezekiel 33. Ezekiel 34. Ezekiel 35. Ezekiel 36. Ezekiel 37. Ezekiel 38. Ezekiel 39. Ezekiel 40. Ezekiel 41. Ezekiel 42. Ezekiel 43. Ezekiel 44. Ezekiel 45. Ezekiel 46. Ezekiel 47. Ezekiel 48. ]
 Ezekiel 44:3; Ezekiel 46:1; Ezekiel 42:14.
 Ezekiel 43:2-4; Exodus 24:10; Isaiah 6:1-5.
 Ezekiel 34:23-24; Ezekiel 37:24; Genesis 31:54; Exodus 18:12; Ezekiel 46:1-2; Ezekiel 46:8; Ezekiel 46:10; Ezekiel 46:12.
 Ezekiel 1:28; Ezekiel 3:23; Ezekiel 10:4; Ezekiel 10:18-19; Ezekiel 11:22-23; Ezekiel 43:3-5; Isaiah 6:3-4; Haggai 2:7; Malachi 3:1.
 Ezekiel 40:4; Deuteronomy 32:46; Ezekiel 43:10-11.
 Ezekiel 2:5-8; Ezekiel 45:9; 1 Peter 4:3.
 Leviticus 17:10; Leviticus 17:12; Numbers 15:14; Numbers 15:26; Numbers 15:29; 1 Kings 8:41-43.
 1 Kings 12:31.
 Ezekiel 44:7; Ezekiel 47:22-23.
 Ezekiel 44:13; 2 Chronicles 11:13; Leviticus 21:17-23; Ezekiel 44:11-14.
 Ezekiel 40:45; 1 Chronicles 26:1; 2 Chronicles 29:34; 2 Chronicles 30:17; 2 Chronicles 35:10-11; Numbers 16:9; Numbers 18:6.
 1 Samuel 2:29-30; 2 Kings 16:10-16; Hosea 5:1; Malachi 2:8-9; Ezekiel 14:3-4; Ezekiel 44:10, 13.
 Numbers 18:3; 2 Kings 23:9.
 Numbers 18:4; 1 Chronicles 23:28-32.
 Ezekiel 40:46; 1 Kings 1:7-8.
 Revelation 1:6; Numbers 18:7-8; Deuteronomy 33:8-10.
 Leviticus 8; Exodus 28:39-43; Exodus 39:27-29; Leviticus 16:4; Revelation 4:4; Revelation 19:8.
 Exodus 28:40-41.
 Ezekiel 42:13-14; Leviticus 6:10-11; Ezekiel 46:20; Exodus 29:37; Exodus 30:29; Leviticus 6:27; Matthew 23:17-19.
 Leviticus 21:5.
 Leviticus 10:9.
 Leviticus 21:7; Leviticus 21:11-14.
 Ezekiel 22:26; Leviticus 10:10-11; Micah 3:9-11; Zephaniah 3:4; Haggai 2:11-13; Malachi 2:6-9; 2 Timothy 2:24-25; Titus 1:9-11.
 Deuteronomy 17:8-13; 2 Chronicles 19:8-10; Leviticus 23:1-44.
 Leviticus 21:1-6; Leviticus 22:4.
 Leviticus 21:1-4; Numbers 19:11-17.
 Leviticus 4:3; Hebrews 7:26-28.
 Ezekiel 45:1-5; Numbers 18:20; Deuteronomy 10:9; Deuteronomy 18:2; Leviticus 2:3; Leviticus 6:25; Leviticus 6:29; Leviticus 7:6-7; Leviticus 27:21; Exodus 23:19; Exodus 34:26; Numbers 18:13; Deuteronomy 18:4; Numbers 15:19-21; Numbers 18:19.
 Leviticus 2:3, 10; Leviticus 6:14-18, 26, 29.
 Exodus 13:2, 12; Exodus 22:29; Exodus 23:19; Numbers 3:13; Numbers 15:19-21.
 Leviticus 22:8; Leviticus 17:15; Exodus 23:31; Deuteronomy 14:21.
-- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. LAMENTATIONS: Lamentations Dramatized. EZEKIEL: Ezekiel Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible
Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Ezekiel Detailed Outline
Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.
3. After the Siege of Jerusalem (Ezekiel 33:1 - Ezekiel 48:35) - 586-570 B.C. Babylon
D. The Return Motif (37:1 - 48:35)
3). Renewal: The New Temple and the New Land (40:1 - 48:35)
a). The New Temple (Continued) (40:1 - 44:31)
Tomorrow's Picture: TBA
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