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2019 March 18
Jeremiah 50

The Triumph of Death (c. 1562)
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525 - 1569)
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance Style
Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts the triumph of death, a triumph which would happen in Babylon. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Jeremiah 50, the LORD declares that death and destruction will triumph and that Babylon and its idols will be broken (1-2).
     An enemy will attack from the north and leave her desolate of both man and beast (3).
     At that time Israel and Judah will return to Zion and establish a perpetual covenant with the LORD (4-5).
     God's people went astray like lost sheep [compare Jeremiah 50:17; Psalm 119:176; Isaiah 53:6; Matthew 9:36; Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24; Matthew 18:11-13; Luke 15:4-7; and 1 Peter 2:25; also, Romans 3:9-19]. Their enemies devoured them, thinking they were doing a service to God [compare John 16:2] (6-7).
     Therefore the LORD advises the listener to flee from Babylon because an assembly of nations is coming against her, and she will be spoiled (8-10).
     Because they were glad to destroy God's heritage they will be confounded, desolate, astonished, and surrounded by enemies (11-14).
     The LORD calls Babylon's enemies to gather against her because her foundations are fallen down, and her walls are thrown down; this is the LORD's vengeance; so, when they attack, the harvest laborers among them will flee to their own lands (15-16).
     Formerly, it was Israel who fled, as if chased by lions - first before the king of Assyria, then before Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, who broke Israel's bones; but Babylon and Assyria will be punished; and Israel will return to his land and be satisfied, and their sins will be removed; for, says the Lord, "I will pardon those whom I reserve" (17-20).
     So the LORD calls to the Medes and Persians to go against Babylon; it will become broken and desolate because the LORD has laid a snare against it and opened his armory; nothing will be left of her (21-27).
     Then comes the voice of those who flee to Zion to bring news of the LORD's vengeance (28).
     Because Babylon has been proud against the LORD he sends archers to surround her, and none shall escape; their warriors will fall (29-30).
     The LORD himself will visit her; the proud will fall; her cities will burn (31-32).
     The oppressors of Israel and Judah refused to let them go; but the LORD will plead their cause and give them rest but disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon (33-34).
     A sword will be upon the Chaldeans, the Babylonians, the princes, the wise men, the liars, the mighty men, the horses, the chariots, the mixed people in their midst, and her treasures; and a drought will be upon her waters because of the madness of their idolatry (35-38).
     Wild beasts and owls will dwell there; and it will be uninhabited from generation to generation, like Sodom and Gomorrah (39-40).
     The northern people will be cruel and merciless; and their voice will roar like the sea in the day of battle (41-42).
     The king of Babylon heard the report and anguish seized him, as recorded in Daniel 5:5-6 (43).
     Cyrus will come against Babylon like a lion attacking sheep in the pasture lands of the Jordan; they will flee; their shepherd (king) will be unable to stand before the LORD; their habitation will be desolate; the noise of the fall will move the earth; and the cry will be heard among the nations (44-46).

     [ Sermons: William Still. Dominic Smart. Edward Donnelly. Philip Ryken. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Jeremiah 50: Jeremiah 46. Jeremiah 47. Jeremiah 48. Jeremiah 49. Jeremiah 50. Jeremiah 51. Jeremiah 52. ]
[1] Jeremiah 37:2; Jeremiah 51:60.
[2] Jeremiah 4:6; Jeremiah 4:21; Isaiah 46:1; Jeremiah 52:31; 2 Kings 20:12; Isaiah 39:1; Leviticus 26:30.
[3] Jeremiah 1:10; Jeremiah 51:27-28.
[4] Jeremiah 3:14-16; Ezra 3:13; Ezra 8:21-23; Jeremiah 7:18; Jeremiah 44:17.
[5] Jeremiah 31:31; Ezra 8:21-23; Ezra 10:3.
[6] Isaiah 53:6; Ezekiel 34:5; Jeremiah 3:2; Jeremiah 3:6.
[7] Jeremiah 12:7-11.
[8] Isaiah 48:20; Isaiah 52:11; Jeremiah 29:5-7.
[9] 2 Samuel 1:22; Isaiah 55:11.
[10] Jeremiah 25:12.
[11] Deuteronomy 25:4; Jeremiah 5:8; Jeremiah 8:16.
[12] Jeremiah 49:2.
[13] Jeremiah 19:8; Jeremiah 49:17.
[14] Jeremiah 49:35; Jeremiah 1:14.
[15] Ezra 10:19; 2 Chronicles 30:8; Lamentations 5:6; Psalm 137:8.
[16] Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 25:38; Jeremiah 46:16.
[17] Daniel 7:4.
[18] Isaiah 37:36-38; Zephaniah 2:13-15.
[19] Jeremiah 10:25; Jeremiah 23:3; Ezekiel 34:13; Numbers 32:1; Micah 7:14.
[20] Jeremiah 31:31; Isaiah 1:9; Isaiah 7:3.
[21] Jeremiah 25:6; Jeremiah 20:3; Genesis 24:10; Deuteronomy 23:4; Judges 3:8; Judges 3:10; Isaiah 39:1; Hosea 10:5; 2 Samuel 4:4; 1 Chronicles 8:34; Ezekiel 23:23; Deuteronomy 7:26; Joshua 7:13.
[22] Jeremiah 4:19-21; Jeremiah 51:54-56.
[23] Jeremiah 23:29; Jeremiah 51:20.
[24] Daniel 5:30; Isaiah 45:1; Jeremiah 51:31-32.
[25] Jeremiah 10:13; Jeremiah 51:16.
[26] Song of Solomon 7:2; Ruth 3:7; Nehemiah 4:2; Joshua 6:24; Joshua 11:12-13.
[27] Psalm 22:12; Isaiah 34:7; Jeremiah 48:15; Jeremiah 51:40.
[28] Jeremiah 51:5.
[29] Jeremiah 49:26.
[30] Jeremiah 9:21; Jeremiah 48:15.
[31] Isaiah 51:9; Psalm 87:4; Psalm 89:10; Daniel 4:30.
[32] Proverbs 16:18.
[33] Jeremiah 51:34-36.
[34] Numbers 35:12; Ruth 4:1; Ruth 4:8; Job 19:25; Proverbs 16:18; Proverbs 23:11.
[35] Daniel 2:2; Daniel 2:13.
[36] Isaiah 44:25.
[37] Jeremiah 25:20; Isaiah 14:4.
[38] Deuteronomy 28:22; Psalm 88:16; Job 20:25; Genesis 14:5; Deuteronomy 2:10-11; Jeremiah 49:16.
[39] Isaiah 13:21-22.
[40] Jeremiah 49:18; Jeremiah 6:22-24; Jeremiah 49:19-21.
[41] Jeremiah 6:22-23.
[42] Psalm 137:8-9.
[43] Daniel 5:5-6; Jeremiah 51:31.
[44] Jeremiah 25:38; Job 41:10-11.
[45] Jeremiah 51:10-11.
[46] Jeremiah 49:21; Isaiah 14:9-10.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge & Others ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). PROVERBS: Book of Proverbs. ECCLESIASTES: Book of Ecclesiastes Dramatized. SONG OF SOLOMON: Song of Solomon Dramatized. ISAIAH: Isaiah Dramatized. JEREMIAH: Jeremiah Dramatized. VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Jeremiah Detailed Outline

Jeremiah 50

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1. Prophecies for Judah + Jerusalem's Fall & the Aftermath (1:1 - 45:5) - 627 - 560 B.C., Israel

2. Prophecies about Foreign Nations + Jerusalem's Fall & the Aftermath (46:1 - 52:34) 627 - 560 B.C., Israel

A. Foreign Nations (46 - 51)

9). Babylon: Destruction for Babylon, but Deliverance for Israel (50 - 51)

     1 The word that the LORD spake against Babylon and against the land of the Chaldeans by [in the hand of] Jeremiah the prophet.

     3 For out of the north there cometh up a nation against her, which shall make [this] her land desolate, and none shall dwell therein: they shall remove, they shall depart, both man and beast.

     4 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the LORD their God. 5 They shall ask the way to Zion with their faces thitherward, saying, Come, and let us join ourselves to the LORD in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten.

     6 My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace. 7 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because [since that] they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers.

     8 Remove out of the midst of Babylon, and go forth out of the land of the Chaldeans, and be as the he goats before the flocks. 9 For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows shall be as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain. 10 And Chaldea shall be a spoil: all that spoil her shall be satisfied, saith the LORD.

11 Because ye were glad,
because ye rejoiced,
O ye destroyers of mine heritage,
because ye are grown fat
as the heifer at grass,
and bellow as bulls;
12 Your mother shall be sore confounded;
she that bare you shall be ashamed:
the hindermost of the nations shall be a wilderness,
a dry land,
and a desert.
13 Because of the wrath of the LORD
it shall not be inhabited,
but it shall be wholly desolate:
every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished,
and hiss at all her plagues.
14 Put yourselves in array against Babylon round about.:
all ye that bend the bow,
shoot at her,
spare no arrows:
for she hath sinned against the LORD.
15 Shout against her round about:
she hath given her hand:
her foundations are fallen,
her walls are thrown down:
for it is the vengeance of the LORD:
take vengeance upon her;
as she hath done,
do unto her.
16 Cut off the sower from Babylon,
and him that handleth the sickle in the time of harvest:
for fear of [from the face of] the oppressing sword
they shall turn every one to his people,
and they shall flee every one to his own land.

     17 Israel is a scattered sheep; the lions have driven him away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him; and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones. 18 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will punish the king of Babylon and his land, as I have punished the king of Assyria. 19 And I will bring [this] Israel again to his habitation, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan, and his soul shall be satisfied upon mount Ephraim and Gilead. 20 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, [this] the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve.

21 Go up against the land of Merathaim,
even against it,
and against the inhabitants of Pekod:
waste and utterly destroy after them,
saith the LORD,
and do according to all that I have commanded thee.
22 A sound of battle is in the land,
and of great destruction.
23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut asunder and broken!
how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations!
24 I have laid a snare for thee,
and thou art also taken, O Babylon,
and thou wast not aware:
thou art found,
and also caught,
because thou hast striven against the LORD.
25 The LORD hath opened [this] his armoury,
and hath bought forth [this] the weapons of his indignation:
for this is the work of the Lord GOD of hosts
in the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come against her from the utmost border,
open her storehouses:
cast her up as heaps,
and destroy her utterly:
let nothing of her be left.
27 Slay all her bullocks;
let them go down to the slaughter:
woe unto them!
for their day is come,
the time of their visitation.

     28 The voice of them that flee and escape out of the land of Babylon, to declare in Zion [this] the vengeance of the LORD our God, the vengeance of his temple.

     29 Call together the archers against Babylon: all ye that bend the bow, camp against it round about; let none thereof escape: recompense her according to her work; according to all that she hath done, do unto her: for she hath been proud against the LORD, against the Holy One of Israel. 30 Therefore shall her young men fall in the streets, and all her men of war shall be cut off in that day, saith the LORD.

     33 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The children of Israel and the children of Judah were oppressed together: and all that took them captives held them fast; they refused to let them go. 34 Their Redeemer is strong; the LORD of hosts is his name: he shall throughly plead [contending he shall contend] [this] their cause [their contention], that he may give rest to [this] the land, and disquiet the inhabitants of Babylon.

35 A sword is upon the Chaldeans,
saith the LORD,
and upon the inhabitants of Babylon,
and upon her princes,
and upon her wise men.
36 A sword is upon the liars;
and they shall dote:
a sword is upon her mighty men;
and they shall be dismayed.
37 A sword is upon their horses,
and upon their chariots,
and upon all the mingled people that are in the midst of her;
and they shall become as women:
a sword is upon her treasures;
and they shall be robbed.
38 A drought is upon her waters;
and they shall be dried up:
for it is the land of graven images,
and they are mad upon their idols.

     39 Therefore the wild beasts of the desert with the wild beasts of the islands shall dwell there, and the owls [daughters of an owl] shall dwell therein: and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation. 40 As God overthrew [this] Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.

41 Behold,
a people shall come from the north,
and a great nation,
and many kings shall be raised up
from the coasts of the earth.
42 They shall hold the bow and the lance:
they are cruel,
and will not shew mercy:
their voice shall roar like the sea,
and they shall ride upon horses,
every one put in array,
like a man to the battle,
against thee, O daughter of Babylon.

     44 Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me? 45 Therefore hear ye the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Babylon; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitation desolate with them. 46 At the noise of the taking of Babylon the earth is moved, and the cry is heard among the nations.

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