Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 December 16

Image 1: The Burning of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar's Army (1630-1660)
Circle of Juan de la Corte (1597-1660)
Mannerist Style
Fundacioon Banco Santander
Image Source: Wikimedia


Image 2: Zedekiah's Sons Are Slaughtered before His Eyes (c. 1865)
Gustav Dore (1832-1883)
Romanticism Style
Dore's English Bible (1866)
Image Source: Glory Knowledge


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Kings 25 records the end of the kingdom of Judah. [Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
     Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem from the ninth year of Zedekiah's reign until his eleventh year. Nebuchadnezzar's troops broke into the city; and the people and the king fled from the troops and from the famine in the city. Zedekiah was captured and taken to Riblah, where his sons were executed in front of him. Then his eyes were put out; and he was taken in chains to Babylon (1-7).
     About a month later, Nebuzaradan, captain of Nebuchadnezzar's guard came into Jerusalem and burned the king's house and the houses of all the officials. He then broke down the walls all around the city and took a multitude of captives to Babylon; but he left the poor to be vinedressers and plowmen (8-12).
     Then the temple vessels, along with gold, silver, and brass were removed (13-17).
     Afterwards, Nebuzaradan sent the High Priest and various others to Nebuchadnezzar in Riblah where Nebuchadnezzar executed them (18-21).
     Nebuchadnezzar made Gedaliah governor of the land. A delegation of captains of Judah, led by Ishmael, came to him; and Gedaliah attempted to give them assurance that all would be well if they served Nebuchadnezzar. However, Ishmael and his men returned later and killed Gedaliah and fled to Egypt, taking all of the people, small and great, with them in an attempt to escape Nebuchadnezzar's power (22-26).
     Thirty seven years later, when Evilmerodach was king of Babylon, he took Jehoiachin out of prison, allowed him to eat at his table daily, and gave him a daily allowance as long as he lived (27-30).
     [ Sermons: James Faris. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's illustrations depict two of the main incidents of chapter 25, the destruction of Jerusalem and the slaughter of Zedekiah's sons.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [Chapter 25: Related Scriptures: 2 Chronicles 36:17-23; 1 Chronicles 9:1; Ezekiel 24:15-18; Jeremiah 52:29; Jeremiah 32:1-5; Jeremiah 34:8-22; Jeremiah 38:28; Jeremiah 52:6-27; Jeremiah 39:2-10; Lamentations; Jeremiah 39:11-14; Jeremiah 40; Jeremiah 41; Jeremiah 42; Jeremiah 43; Jeremiah 46; Ezekiel 33; Daniel 4; Jeremiah 52:31].
     [1] Jeremiah 52:4; Jeremiah 39:1-10; Jeremiah 40-43; 2 Kings 25:3; 2 Kings 25:8; Ezekiel 24:1-2; Zechariah 7:3; Zechariah 7:5; Zechariah 8:19; Jeremiah 34:7; 2 Kings 18:13; 2 Kings 19:8; Ezekiel 4:2; Ezekiel 17:17; Ezekiel 21:27; Ezekiel 26:8.
     [2] 2 Kings 25:1; 2 Kings 25:8; Jeremiah 37:5; Ezekiel 17:17; Ezekiel 30:20.
     [3] Jeremiah 39:2; Jeremiah 52:6; Lamentations 2:11; Lamentations 2:19; Lamentations 4:3-10; Ezekiel 5:10; Leviticus 26:29; Deuteronomy 28:53; Jeremiah 15:2; Jeremiah 27:13; Ezekiel 4:16.
     [4] 2 Chronicles 32:1; 2 Kings 22:14; Jeremiah 39:3; 2 Kings 14:13; Jeremiah 39:4; Jeremiah 52:7; Nehemiah 3:15; Ezekiel 12:12; Jeremiah 52:7; Joshua 11:2; 2 Samuel 2:29.
     [5] Joshua 4:13; Numbers 22:1.
     [6] 2 Kings 23:33; Jeremiah 39:3; Jeremiah 1:16; Jeremiah 4:12; 2 Chronicles 36:13; Ezekiel 17:15; Ezekiel 17:18.
     [7] Jeremiah 39:6; Jeremiah 52:10-11; Jeremiah 41:10; Ezekiel 12:13; 2 Chronicles 33:12; Jeremiah 52:11.
     [8] Jeremiah 52:12; Jeremiah 32:1; Genesis 37:36; 2 Kings 11:4; Jeremiah 39:3; 2 Kings 3:14; 2 Kings 5:16.
     [9] 2 Chronicles 36:19.
     [11] Jeremiah 27:12; Jeremiah 37:13; Jeremiah 38:2; Jeremiah 38:4; Jeremiah 38:17; Jeremiah 38:19; Judges 4:7; Jeremiah 52:15.
     [12] 2 Kings 24:14; Jeremiah 39:10; Jeremiah 52:16.
     [13] 1 Kings 7:15.
     [14] Jeremiah 52:18; 1 Kings 7:40; 1 Kings 7:50.
     [15] Jeremiah 52:19; 2 Kings 24:13; Jeremiah 27:19.
     [17] 1 Kings 7:16; Jeremiah 52:22-23; 2 Chronicles 3:15; 1 Kings 7:17.
     [18] 1 Chronicles 6:14; Ezra 7:1; 2 Kings 23:4; Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 29:25; Jeremiah 29:29; Jeremiah 37:3; Jeremiah 38:13.
     [19] 2 Kings 20:18; 2 Kings 24:12.
     [21] 2 Kings 17:23; Jeremiah 52:27; Psalms 137; Lamentations 4:21-22.
     [22] 2 Kings 22:12; Jeremiah 26:24; Jeremiah 39:13-14; Jeremiah 40:1-6; Jeremiah 40:16.
     [23] Jeremiah 40:7; 1 Kings 15:22; Judges 20:1; Jeremiah 41:5; Jeremiah 36:12; Jeremiah 36:20; Jeremiah 41:1; Jeremiah 40:8; Ezra 2:22; Nehemiah 7:26; 2 Samuel 10:6; 2 Samuel 10:8.
     [25] Jeremiah 41:1-2; Jeremiah 40:14; Jeremiah 41:3.
     [26] Jeremiah 43:6.
     [27] Jeremiah 52:31-34; 2 Kings 24:8; 2 Kings 24:12; Jeremiah 52:31; Genesis 40:13; Genesis 40:20; Jeremiah 52:31.
     [28] Judges 1:7.
     [29] Genesis 41:14; 2 Samuel 9:10-13.
     [30] Psalm 106:46; Ezra 9:9; Nehemiah 2:2.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Kings Detailed Outline

2 Kings 25

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Kings and 2 Kings were one Book. Overlapping dates for various kings indicate overlapping reigns (co-regencies).

1. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 11:43) - 971 - 931 B.C. Israel

2. The Divided Kingdom (1 Kings 12:1 - 2 Kings 25:30) - 931 - 560 B.C. Israel

MM. Zedekiah of Judah (2 Kings 24:18 - 25:30) - [597-586 B.C.] - [Last in Judah]

Map | Time Line

     1 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about. 2 And the city was besieged [came in siege] unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. 3 And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land. 4 And the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which is by the king's garden: (now the Chaldees were against the city round about:) and the king went the way toward the plain. 5 And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook him in the plains of Jericho: and all his army were scattered from him. 6 So they took the king, and bought him up to the king of Babylon to Riblah; and they gave judgment upon him. 7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Babylon.
     8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem: 9 And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house burnt he with fire. 10 And all the army of the Chaldees, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about. 11 Now the rest of the people that were left in the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multitude, did Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away. 12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.
     13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon. 14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away. 15 And the firepans, and the bowls, and such things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away. 16 The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD; the brass of all these vessels was without weight. 17 The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and the chapiter upon it was brass: and the height of the chapiter three cubits; and the wreathen work, and pomegranates upon the chapiter round about, all of brass: and like unto these had the second pillar with wreathen work.
     18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door: 19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city: 20 And Nebuzaradan captain of the guard took these, and bought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah: 21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.
     22 And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler. 23 And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Careah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men. 24 And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldees: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you. 25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah. 26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt: for they were afraid of the Chaldees.
     27 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captiviy of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison [a house of detention]; 28 And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon; 29 And changed his prison garments: and he did eat bread continually before him all the days of his life. 30 And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life.

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